Christmas traditions and customs on Silesia region

 

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The region of Silesia is rich in local Christmas traditions and customs which are still alive.
The most important part of the Christmas time is the Christmas Eve, called 'Wilijo', which is celebrated in a circle of family. This day, we make resolutions for the next year.
In the pre-Christmas period, Silesians prepare Advent wreath, called 'Adwynkrance' which are made with spruce twigs and four candles symbolising the Advent sundays. This traditions is derived from Germany.
Tradition says that the Christmas Eve is a day of fasting when we shouldn't eat sweets and meat. The real feast begins in the evening along with the first star on the sky. Members of family wish each other all the best and then take a seat at a table.
Under the tablecloth is placed a hay, and on the table must be prepared one more covering for "wanderer”.
The first meal is a soup (made of mushrooms, fish, linseed or beetroot). We eat fishes (mostly a carp), cabbage with mushrooms and pea, sweets with poppy seeds, then, so-called moczka - a kind of soup made of dark beer, gingerbread, almonds, raisins, hazelnuts and water.
In Silesia region, there is no carol singers. Children don't wander from home to home until January 6 – the Three Kings' Day. They sing Christmas carols then and receive sweets.

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